Races Of The World Dateiverwendung
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Hence, only the broadest sub-racial categories under each major race have been discussed to avoid information bias or assumption fallacy of any kind.
Before we get down to enlisting the different human of humanity, let us first understand the concept of race itself.
As far as classification of human beings is concerned, race refers to such classification based upon various parameters such as genetic and biological traits, language, culture, traditions, and social practices.
The evolution of different human races is as old as the evolution of humanity as theorized by Charles Darwin.
According to recent researches in the field of anthropology regarding the origin of mankind, it has been suggested that the human race may be older than originally thought.
The following four races are the chief distinct classifications of humans based upon genetics and anthropology. However, we can see many sub-races as a result of matrimonial and reproductive interaction between people belonging to different races.
The exact place of origin of the Caucasians is a matter of debate among anthropologists but most seem to agree with the aforementioned theory.
These sub races are primarily based upon geographic location and language. The Caucasian race and all its sub races are characterized by light skin color ranging from white to dark wheatish, straightish to wavy hair with color ranging from flaxen to brownish to dark ebony, prominent eyes, pronounced and well-shaped nose and sharp features, medium built and average to stocky musculature.
Owing to the very cold conditions of the place of its origin, the Caucasian race has light and sparse skin pigmentation and, as a result, they are not very well suited to living in very hot equatorial climates and are ill-suited to remain exposed to strong sunlight for long.
Thomas Huxley, the prominent Darwinian biologist, believed that Aborigines, Papuans, Negritos, and Melanesians should be categorized under the Australoid race, although a lot of his predecessors and contemporaries were unanimous about inclusion of these sub-races under the Negroid race.
People belonging to the Negroid race are physically characterized by dark skin due to dense pigmentation, coarse black and wooly hair, wide noses and foreheads, broad, often thick lips, large built and broad skeletal structure.
The Negro race people are known for their stamina and ability to survive in very adverse environmental conditions, especially extreme heat.
The dense pigmentation of their skin equips them to face the intense heat and strong sun of the equatorial belt of the earth, which is where this race is believed to have originated.
Even today, the maximum number of Negroid race people can be found in the equatorial regions such as Africa, Southern India, etc. Negroid sub-races also include the following Mongoloids are characterized by yellowish or light wheatish skin, extremely straight and black hair, very less hair growth upon their bodies, small, almond-shaped eyes, slight built and very lean musculature.
The facial features are usually small but clear. The regions of the world that are regarded as the homelands of Mongoloid race people are the far Orients, Northeastern India, certain American countries where Native American people can still be found, etc.
The Mongoloid race can be classified into — the Neo-Mongoloids, which include ethic groups like Eskimos, Buryats, Chinese, and Chukchis.
These groups have physical features that are extremely Mongoloid in appearance and are typically found in Mongoloid populations that have adapted to living in extremely low temperatures and cold climatic conditions.
The physical features of these ethnic and genetic groups are less Mongoloid in appearance and such features are usually found in Mongolian populations whose lifestyles are adapted for living in warm to temperate climatic conditions over several generations.
In short, the original native races local to the Australian subcontinent come under this category. Most anthropologists debate the distinctiveness of this race as they believe that sub races like Aborigines, Negritos, etc.
That is, greater genetic variation exists within the populations typically labeled Black and White than between these populations.
This finding refutes the supposition that racial divisions reflect fundamental genetic differences. Notice this does not mean that individuals are genetically indistinguishable from each other, or even that small population groups cannot be genetically differentiated.
Small populations, for example the Xhosa or the Basques, share similar gene frequencies. However, differentiation is a function of separation, usually geographic, and occurs in gradations rather than across fractures..
The notion that humankind can be divided along White, Black, and Yellow lines reveals the social rather than the scientific origin of race.
Nevertheless, the history of science has long been the history of failed efforts to justify these social beliefs.
Along the way, various minds tried to fashion practical human typologies along the following physical axes: skin color, hair texture, facial angle, jaw size, cranial capacity, brain mass, frontal lobe mass, brain surface fissures and convolutions, and even body lice.
Attempts to define racial categories by physical attributes ultimately failed. Evidence shows that those features usually coded to race, for example, stature, skin color, hair texture, and facial structure, do not correlate strongly with genetic variation.
The rejection of race in science is now almost complete. Unfortunately, few in this society seem prepared to fully relinquish their subscription to notions of biological race..
In Saint Francis College v. Al-Khazraji, the Court determined that an Arab could recover damages for racial discrimination under 42 U.
In Metrobroadcasting v. I argue that race must be understood as a sui generis social phenomenon in which contested systems of meaning serve as the connections between physical features, races, and personal characteristics.
In other words, social meanings connect our faces to our souls. Race is neither an essence nor an illusion, but rather an ongoing, contradictory, self-reinforcing process subject to the macro forces of social and political struggle and the micro effects of daily decisions.
Referents of terms like Black, White, Asian, and Latino are social groups, not genetically distinct branches of humankind.
These attitudes in turn supported the horrors of African slavery , Apartheid , Segregation and the Jim Crow laws , Nazism and Japanese imperialism.
Social darwinism refers to various ideologies based on a concept that competition is active among all individuals, or even whole nations as social evolution in human societies.
It is a social adaptation of the theory of natural selection as proposed by Charles Darwin. Natural selection explains success in various animal populations as the outcome of competition between individual organisms for limited resources.
This idea is popularly known as " survival of the fittest ", a term first used by Herbert Spencer , not Darwin. Fascist movements have commonly held social Darwinist views of nations, races, and societies  In Nazi Germany , the Nazis used social Darwinism to promote their racialist idea of the German nation was part of the Aryan race and believed in the competition of races.
By this they meant Jews , Slavs , Roma , homosexuals and disabled people. A racially segregated bus station in Durham, North Carolina , A billiard hall for only African Americans , in Memphis, Tennessee , A group of white people who are demonstrating for white pride.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The cafe has two entry doors for two rooms: one for "Whites" only and "Coloureds" only. American Association of Physical Anthropologists.
Retrieved 19 June In Losos J. Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press. That this view reflects the consenus among American anthropologists is stated in: Wagner, Jennifer K.